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The Dunrobin Deerhound 1883
(Compiled by Steve Tillotson, Feb 2013)


IWT Editor note - Dunrobin was a Deerhound from Lord Sutherlands kennel and was exported to the USA. Here is a small snippet on Dunrobin, followed by details on bronze and marble sculptures in which he is depicted and thirdly a Deerhound story about Lord Sutherlands death after dispute about another Deerhound -

1. A DISTINGUISHED ARRIVAL.-- From the steamship Circassia has recently landed at the port of New York one of the finest specimens of the Scotch deer, or staghound, which has ever been imported. He is from the celebrated kennels of his Grace the Duke of Sutherland, a gift from the Duke to Mr. G. S. Page. Vice-President of the American Fishcultural Association, who, our readers will remember, successfully transported, a year ago. a number of black bass to Loch Brora, in Sutherlandshire, in the highlands of Scotland. This magnificent animal is a practical illustration of reciprocity. The pedigree which we give below will be read with interest. Dunrobin is now luxuriating at Hillside, Stanley, Morris county, New Jersey, the residence of Mr. Page, and has already made the acquaintance of Neptune, a grandson of that most famous greyhound. Master Magrath. The following Is the pedigree: Deerhound Dunrobin, by Duke of Sutherland's Torrum; Torrum by Wallace out of Loyal; Wallace, Lord H Bentinck's breed; Loyal by Stag out of Kendeach, Stag by Gillespies Torrom out of Loyal (no 119). Kendeach by Cameron of Lochiel's Pirate (no 141) out of Loyal (no119); Gillespies Torrum, by McDonalds Glengarry out of Gordon Cummings Lioness.Dam Lord Fitzhardings Loyal by Tom (No 9742). Tom by Duke of Sutherlands Pirate (no 141) out of Loyal (no119). Shelloch by Cameron Of Lochiels Pirate (no 141) out of Loyal (no 119)d Fitzhardings Loyal by tOMO 9742). Tom by Duke of Sutherlands Pirate (no 141) out of Loyal (no119). Shelloch by Cameron Of Lochiels Pirate (no 141) out of Loyal (no 119). (Source; Forest and Stream, Volume 20, June 14 1883)

2. DUNROBIN SCULPTURE
110 Dunrobin Terra-cotta medallion relief
Inscription background - Dunrobin
Inscription signed on collar A-1884-STG
15 inches diameter

http://www.irishwolfhoundtimes.com - The Dunrobin Deerhound by Augustus Saint-Gaudens 1884


The Scottish deerhound Dunrobin is posed three quarters to the left looking down. The dog has long shaggy fur and wears a collar. He was the Saint-Guardens family pet during the time that this relief and that of the Schiff children were modeled. According to John Gellatly, Saint-Gaudens considered Dunrobin to be the most beautiful dog, possibly the most beautiful animal he had ever seen. Four years later, in 1888,Saint-Gaudens included the dog in the group portrait of the Jacob Schiff children (catalog 119)



119 Mortimer-Leo-Schief and Frieda-Fanny-Schief
Bronze relief, 67 1/4 by 59 3/4 inches
http://www.irishwolfhoundtimes.com - The Dunrobin Deerhound by Augustus Saint-Gaudens 1884


Two full-length figures of children are directed three quarters to the right, in front of a dog, which stretches almost the width of the plaque. The children are depicted walking, with their hands clasped. The boy holds a cap in his right hand, the girld holds the dogs colar. The dog a Scottish Deerhound, also appears as the subject of a relief (catalog 110), rather than as an accessory, as here. A sculptured frame, or plinth, with columns and a cornice background hung with grlands set off the figure composition.



119 As above, but in Marble
http://www.irishwolfhoundtimes.com - The Dunrobin Deerhound by Augustus Saint-Gaudens 1884


Jacob Schiff, father of the children, was a German born New York banker and philanthropist. He was a leader in the worlds of finance and insurance and also a railroad magnate. His beneficiaries included the Metrpolitan Museum Of Art, Harvard University, the Jewish Theological Seminary, Tuskegee Institute, Cornell University, Columbia and Barnard Colleges. He was the founder of Montefiore Hospital in New York City. In 1875, he married Theresa Locb.



A preparatory sketch of the above by the artist
http://www.irishwolfhoundtimes.com - The Dunrobin Deerhound by Augustus Saint-Gaudens 1884


The portrait of the children was commissioned in 1882 by Schiff's friend Sir Ernest Cassel. Saint-Guardens had difficulty in developing the relief, altering the poses in more than fourteen sketches (Plates 119-3, 119-4, 119-5), before introducing the dog as a unifying element in the final model



A preparatory sketch of the Deerhound by the artist
http://www.irishwolfhoundtimes.com - The Dunrobin Deerhound by Augustus Saint-Gaudens 1884


Bibliography - Albert T.E.Gardner, American Sculpture, New York, 1965, p. 51
Photo/Narrative source - The Work of Augustus Saint-Gaudens - Page 143 John H. Dryfhout - 2008

3. LORD SUTHERLAND

The following article discusses the Mathieson Clan in Scotland but contains a reference to Lord Sutherland, and his Deerhounds. Rather than just extract the relevent snippets, we thought we would post the entire article so readers get the fuller picture of the tribal nature of Scotland in the 1400's -1500's - (Source; Celtic Magazine. by Alexander Mackenzie F.S.A Scut. December 1881)

THE MATHESONS.
By The Editor.

The antiquity of this clan has given rise to considerable speculation among antiquarians and the family Scanachies, but, as in the case of previous clan histories, it is not our intention to go into these pre-historic mists at any length here. Scarcely any notice of the Mathesons is to be found in the public records, and in the following account of the family we shall have to draw largely upon two family MSS., copies of which we are fortunate to possess.

After some preliminary observations, the author of the "Iomaire" MS. refers to the early origin of the family in the following terms:—" Whether the Mathesons emigrated from Denmark to Scotland before they went to Ireland, and from thence to Scotland, we know not, but certain it is that they are an old race in Ireland. In Ossian's Poems mention is made of a Calmar MacMahon, an Irish chieftain who assisted Fingal in one of his wars in Ireland. It is well known that Ossian, the aged Scottish bard, flourished between the third and fourth centuries of the Christian era, so that the time when his father Fingal fought his battles, in the vigour of youth, must have been a number of years previous to that period. The name MacMathan, Mahon, or Mahony, is still prevalent in Ireland. There is a tribe of this dan in Altona and its vicinity, a town of Lower Saxony, who have written records of their descent for 500 years back or upwards. On the borders of England, and in the south of Scotland, they arc called Mahons (with the omission of the Irish Mac) and Maddisons. In the peninsula of Kintyre, which is contiguous to Ireland, the ancient inhabitants were MacKiachans, AlacKays, MacMaths. Such a diversity in the name for a long period is a very strong proof of the antiquity of the original tribe which emigrated from the continent. A diversity is also observed in the spelling of the Englificd name, for it is written Matheson, Mathison, Mathieson, and Mathevvson, and some write Mathews, omitting the termination on. When Kenneth, the third King of Scotland (alias Kenneth MacAlpin), was at war with the Picts in the ninth century, one of the House of Monaghan, a MacMathan, came to his assistance. After the termination of the war, which almost totally extirpated the race of the Picts, the King of Scotland rewarded his followers and allies with gifts of lands. In this distribution Lochalsh was bestowed on MacMathon.* His successors cannot be traced till the twelfth century. At that time flourished one of his descendants, viz., Kenneth Matheson of Lochalsh, whose daughter was married to Colin Fitzgerald, son of the Earl of Desmond."

* We have express authority for the death of Bishop Duncan, the Abbot of Iona, in 1099, and that he was a son of Moenach or Maitheanach, equivalent to MacMahon; while local tradition intimates that Kenneth II., McAilpean, after the conquest of the Picts in the beginning of the 9th century, during a survey of his dominions, invested the MacMathon of his day in the territory of Lochailsh, which has ever since continued his Aite-Suidhc, or the provincial seat of the name, and where, thus removed from the vicinity of the Royal resilience, he and his successors would have been involved in petty feuds with his restless neighbours, the account of which, with their genealogic succession, is lost in barbarous obscurity. There is a legend preserved among the clan that after the fall of Macbeth, in 1506, during a circuit of Malcolm Ceann Mor, while he held his court at Inverlochy, an individual presented himself; and on being questioned by the monarch as to his name and suit, replied that he was the chieftain of a race respectable "in days of yore," but, now left unprotected, he was wasted and oppressed by the Danes and Pirates from the adjacent isles. If there be any truth in this tradition, it probably alluded to the death of Macbeth, who as Righ of the Torpachy of Northern Ard-Ghaidheal, was really his natural protector. The sequel is that Malcolm took him under his own guardianship, and MacMahon, in reference to the terms of his reply, which he conceived militated in his favour with the king, assumed for his Brosnachadh cath, or war cry, de guerre, the adverb, "O Chian," or Of Yore. —Bcnnctsfichl MS. The Maynes of Powis, in Clackmannanshire, the Mayns of Auchterhouse, in Forfarshire, of Lochwood in Clydesdale, of Pile in Stirlingshire, as also the Mains, are said to be descended from Magnus, the reputed ancestor of the Mathesons, as well as those mentioned in the text.

The writer then gives the now exploded tradition, relating how this mythical Colin Fitzgerald fought with the Scottish King at the battle of Largs in 1263, and as a reward for his services obtained the lands of Kintail and the castle of Islandonain. According to this account, Mathcson gave Colin a portion of Lochalsh as his daughter's portion, " on condition that he would call his first son Kenneth. This promise he violated, and named his first son Colin; but called his second son Kenneth. The Mathesons were highly offended at this violation of the marriage contract, and from that instant meditated to revenge the supposed affront. When young Colin grew up, he went to visit his friends in Lochalsh, who, instead of giving an agreeable entertainment, conveyed him to a private valley in the Braes of Balmacarra, and there put him to death. The hollow where this horrid deed was perpetrated still retains the name of ' Glaic Chailean,' or Colin's Valley The murderers fled to the north, and took refuge cither in Caithness or Sutherland, where a respectable tribe of the clan is still to be found."

The author of the Bennetsfield MS., after a long and learned dissertation on the origin of the tribe, and the meaning of the name Matheson, brings us down to "MacMathon of Lochailsh, Kenneth Gruamach,who is said to have married a sister of Farquhar O'Beothlain, or Mac an t-Sagairt, in the reign of Alexander II., which commenced in 1214, and by whom he appears to have been established in the constabulary of the fortress of Eilean Donan. By his lady he appears to have had a daughter, Muire or Mary, as handed down by the probable tradition of Gaelic songs; while to this day is pointed out the adjusted stone called 'Clach na Baintighearna,' or the Lady's Stone, whence Muire MacMathon was in the habit of mounting her palfrey. As it stands at a place called Ard-darach, it would seem to indicate the site of Kenneth's residence in Lochailsh." The writer then describes the alleged murder of young Colin Fitzgerald in slightly different terms to our first quoted authority, and with more circumstantial detail. The offence given to the Mathesons by naming the eldest son of Fitzgerald Colin "could only be expiated by the blood of the unconscious object of [their] savage jealousy. The nurse selected for the child was unfortunately of his mother's tribe, among which she had a kindred suitor, by whom she was induced by treachery or connivance to abduct young Cailean to a retired spot called 'Glaic Chailein,' or the place of Colin's seizure; indicating that he was seized for the purpose of being done away with, and the horrid deed is said to have been perpetrated in the neighbourhood of that spot still retaining- the name of 'Tor an t-Sladraidh,' or the bush [? mound] of the murdering place, or where he was put to death." He then describes how the perpetrators of the crime fled to Sutherlandshire, and became the progenitors of the Mathesons of Shiness, of whom in their proper place.

For the next two hundred years we know nothing whatever of the Mathesons, but in 1427 the "Mak Makan," who appeared before the king at Inverness, and described by Fordun as a leader of 1000 men, is claimed as the then chief of the Mathesons. The author of the Bennetsficld MS. attempts to prove that the " Alexander McRuari de Garmoran," named by Fordun as a leader of 2000 men, is the same as the chief called "Mak Makan." On this point he writes :—" We have every authority that tradition can give us for the identity of Alastair MacRuari with the personage he (Fordun) calls Mak Makan, or MacMathon, as it was formerly written; and certain it is that there is no passage in clan history more familiar than this is—in the district where the MacMathons predominate—that their chief in the beginning of the fifteenth century and during the broils of tradition in our possession narrates that Alastair was married to a daughter of the Laird of Macintosh, and the chronicles of the Earls of Ross expressly state that at that time MacMaken, or Mathon of Lochailsh, a leader of a thousand men, was chief of the clan." Gregory correctly states that the Alastair MacRuari,"leader of tzt'o thousand men," was Alexander MacGorrie, son of Godfrey of Garmoran, who is said by Hugh Macdonald, the Sleat historian, to have had a son "Allaster." Gregory, however, refers to " Mak Maken," that is, he says, "MacMahon or Mathewson of Lochalsh," as a leader of a thousand men. This agrees with the chronicles of the Earls of Ross quoted, as above, in the Bennetsficld MS., and there is little doubt that they were two different persons, though it is likely enough Mathesons patronymic may at the same time have been "Alastair MacRuari f and to have been leader of even one thousand men in the beginning of the fifteenth century is quite sufficient to show that he must have been a powerful Highland chief, at a time when his neighbour, Mackenzie of Kintail, had not a single namesake of his own in the whole district. Matheson or MacMakan was taken prisoner to Edinburgh on that occasion, and beheaded shortly after on the Castle Hill.

(DISPUTE OVER DEERHOUND/DEATH OF LORD SUTHERLAND)
During his rule a dispute arose between him and the House of Sutherland out of the following peculiar circumstance. Matheson had a celebrated deer-hound named "Broddam Glas." Sutherland asked for a loan of the hound, which Matheson at once granted him, but the dog could never be got to stop anywhere. It always found its way back to Lochalsh from any part of the Highlands. The dog soon returned from Sutherland, and his Lordship again sent for him, but Matheson replied that "while the Earl had been quite welcome to the use of the dog for a time, he was not disposed to have him altogether alienated from himself to any man." The result was an invasion by the Earl and his followers of the Matheson country, and a desperate conflict ensued, in which the invaders were defeated and their leader killed.

The author of the "Iomaire" MS. gives the following interesting details. Lord Sutherland was so irritated at Matheson's reply, "that he raised an army to invade Matheson's property. Thereupon he took the Hill road westward, till he came to Luba-Ghoill. As soon as Matheson heard of his arrival he collected all his men to oppose him. There is a particular spot, at Achana-hinich of Lochalsh, called 'Dail Acha-da-thearna:dh' (that is, the field between the two descents), where the Mathesons were wont to assemble when going out to battle, thinking it lucky to set off from that place on any expedition. From this station Matheson marched up through Glen Uddalan, till he came in sight of the Sutherlands, who were encamped on a hill in the Braes of ' Poll-an-Tairbh,' which hill bears the name of ' Cnocnan-Cattach' to this day. Matheson kept himself concealed from the enemy till he got behind a hill opposite to them, which, from him, still retains the name of ' Cnoc Mhic Ruari.' Both parties came to an engagement on a plain between the two hills. They fought valiantly till perceiving a party sent to Matheson by his father-in-law, Mackintosh, as a reinforcement, advancing on an adjacent height, the Sutherlands betook themselves to flight. Many were killed in the retreat, and among the rest Lord Sutherland himself, who was buried near a river's side in Ault-nam-Bran of Glen-Luinge; and that spot still bears the name of ' Lub-aMhorair,' or the Earl's Curve. Their flight was so precipitate that, to avoid being taken, they threw their baggage in a little lake, which still goes by the name of 'Lochan-na-h-Ullaidh;' that is, the Lake of the Treasure. For this cause he was accused before the king, as a man of the worst character, apprehended, brought to Edinburgh and beheaded there. He left two sons— I. John, his heir. 2. Name unknown.*

But their mother having married, according to the Iomaire MS., a son of Macleod of Lewis, and according to the Bennetsfield MS., Angus Macleod of Assynt, the boys fled; the elder to his grandfather, Mackintosh of Mackintosh, the other to Caithness. Captain Matheson of Bennetsfield goes into details, and states that "Angus Macleod of Assynt, tempted by the property committed to her trust, married the widow, as appears by the writs of the family of Geanies. Norman, second son of Torquil Macleod, 4th Baron of Lewis, obtained from his father the Barony of Assynt, and died in the reign of James I., and left a son, Angus, who succeeded him and married Margaret Matheson, heiress of Lochalsh. The Baronage (Douglas's), we perceive, involves this lady in two mistakes. In the first, Margaret, third daughter of Malcolm, ioth Laird of Macintosh, grandson of Rory Mor Macleod of Lewis, was married to the Chief of Clan Tearlaich or Maclennan, whereas she was the widow of Alastair MacRuari. The second [mistake] was that she was heiress of Lochalsh, while she was in fact only tutrix for her son, the young Chief of MacMathon and Laird of Lochalsh; and it is notorious that Angus of Assynt failed to establish a footing there; and the mode of his expulsion is duly related. It is also inserted [in the Baronage] that a nameless daughter of Macintosh was married to a Macleod in the reign of James I., but the account we have received reconciles all discrepancies." The property of Lochalsh was no doubt usurped by Macleod during the minority of the heir, and we shall now proceed to show how he was finally driven out of the district by the rightful heir, and to describe the means which he adopted to attain his object and secure the ancient patrimony of his house for himself and for his successors. In doing this we shall draw freely upon the best portions of the two MSS. already quoted.

* This young gentleman, who had fled to Caithness for shelter from his step-father, "got Lord Caithness' daughter with child. When she found herself in this condition, she escaped and went round to the West Coast, wishing to get to Lochalsh. After her arrival there she was delivered of a son at the roadside, between Erbusaig and Balmacarra. This son was called Iain Gallach {i.e., John of Caithness), and the place where he was born still retains the name of 'Leachd Iain Ghallaich,' a cairn being erected on the spot to commemorate the fact. From him descended a numerous offspring, who were distinguished from the rest of the Mathcsons by the term 'Claim Iain Ghallaich.' Of these are Alexander Matheson in Arineachdaig, and Duncan his brother; Roderick Matheson in Port-a-Chuillean ; and others in Skyc."—Iomaire MS.

The immediate consequence of the marriage of Angus Macleod of Assynt to Matheson's widow was the flight of the heir of Matheson to his grandfather, Mackintosh, and of the younger son to Caithness. For a time the family patrimony continued usurped until John, arriving at manhood, solicited the aid of Mackintosh in the recovery of the possessions of his ancestors. This was at once promised by his grandfather, and John immediately communicated his intentions to his trusty friends in Lochalsh, all of whom entered cordially into his plan of operations.

Macleod, who all along feared that the heir might return and be loyally received by the natives, placed spies throughout the district to inform him of any danger that might occur. It was then the custom for a certain class of beggars—outcasts from their respective tribes—to seek shelter among other clans, which was usually,according to the prevailing custom of the times.accorded to them. They were known among the natives as "Buthanaich," literally, livers in tents, and they were usually ready to perform any task, however degraded, which was allotted to them by those who sheltered them.* One of these, says the author of the Bennetsfield MS., was on this occasion insinuated by Macleod into every family. "Aware of this, it was concerted that on their retiring to rest, these noxious parasites should be severally despatched" on the night Matheson should introduce his body of resolute volunteers from Mackintosh. On his arrival with these, he formed his little band in a hollow between Reraig and Kirkton of Lochalsh, at a place called to this day "Glac nam Fear," and he then proceeded alone, disguised as a hawker of wool, and carrying a wallet of fog or heath, to "Torr-an-t-Slachdaire," where Macleod and his wife resided. He sent a message to the lady, asking if she would purchase any of his fancy wools, when she requested him to come in and submit samples of what he had along with him. While exhibiting his varieties, he managed to introduce a reference to her eldest son, and artfully contrived to ascertain whether she wished to see him some day reinstated in his ancestral possessions. Discovering that she entertained friendly feelings for him, he at once made himself and his designs known to her, and he was warmly received. During the night all the Buthanaich were slain in accordance with the pre-arranged plan, except one named MacEachern, who managed for some time to escape capture, but was finally overtaken and slain as he arrived within a short distance of Macleod's house, whither he was proceeding to inform him of what had occurred; and the place where he was slain is still called "Featha Mhic Eachern," or Mac Eachern's Fen. Meantime young Matheson had surrounded the mansion-house and set it on fire, "he himself attending to the safe escape of his mother, which she effected; but not before she had secured that of her husband, concealed under her nightgown, and who, after she had passed those placed to intercept him, reached 'Doirre Damh,' in Duirinish, where he engaged a poor boatman to convey him to Lewis, under promise to give him a free grant of land. On his arrival, however, the Laird of Macleod, indignant at what had happened, ordered a gallows to be erected by the oars of the boat, and, hanging up the Lochalshman, observed sarcastically, that at the foot of the gallows he might enjoy free land for ever in terms of Angus' promise." Soon after Macleod attempted a descent on Lochalsh, landed at Ardhill, and came to an engagement at Kirkton, where he was again beaten at (a place still called) "Blar-nan-Saighdearan," and his retreat having been intercepted,* a number of the routed

* According to the "Iomaire" MS., these were "some of his own (Maclcod's) countrymen, which he thought well affected towards him.''

* A party of Mathcson's men stood between them and the shore to prevent their embarkation. These were headed by a Matheson of the name of Iain Ciar Mac Mhnrchaidh Mhic Thomais, who made great havoc among the enemy with his arrows. Part of his descendants are dispersal between the parishes of Urray and Redcastle, of whom I shall mention particularly Alexander Mackenzie, late agent for the lirilish Linen Company, Inverness, and Francis Mackenzie, merchant, Kyleakin. Both their grandfathers changed their original names, viz., Thomas Bain in Redcastle, and Mur force threw themselves into the church, trusting to it, as a sanctuary usually observed in those days. The sacrilege was, however, disregarded in this instance by one Duncan Matheson, who set fire to the building, and hence, ever after, retained the sobriquet of " Donnachadh-an-Teampuill;" and whose trespass, notwithstanding, did not incur the penalty through many generations of descendants, as two of them became highly respected clergymen of the Established Church, and another a celebrated local Bard

* Meantime Macleod himself, with a remnant of his broken followers, escaped, but was not so fortunate in a subsequent expedition, for, soon after,having landed at Fernaig, he was encountered by Matheson at Sail Fearna, again overpowered, and killed.

On the death of Sir Dugald Mackenzie John Matheson married his widow, and succeeded him as Constable of Islandonain Castle, in the defence of which he was killed by the Macdonalds under their chief, Donald Gorm in 1539, as fully set forth in the " History of the Mackenzies." By his wife he had one son named after the priest, Sir Dugald Mackenzie, by whom he was succeeded in about one-third of Lochalsh. He was known among the Highlanders as Dugald Roy Matheson. The other two-thirds of the ancient patrimony of the family had been acquired by Mackenzie of Kintail and Macdonald of Glengarry in a manner already well-known to the reader.

The rent was in those days collected in kind, and a dispute arose between Glengarry and Dugald Matheson, who raised the Lochalsh rents in common, about their division afterwards among themselves. The particulars of this quarrel are given in the two MSS. already named. The following version from the Bennets doch Bain, his brother, in Brahan. There is a gravestone in the Churchyard of Lochalsh having the effigy of a dead corpse [sic] cut upon it, which the said Iain Ciar quarried and carried down on his back from the Braes uf Kirkton.—Iomaire M.S.

* Mr Matheson, minister of Kilmuir, and his nearest relatives are descended of that Duncan, so was Murdoch Matheson, the bard. A tribe of Mathesons were once the principal inhabitants of Strathbran, where they had a separate burying-place for themselves, to which no other person laid claim, and where none of any other name is interred to this day. It is called Cnoc-nan-Cleireach ((.*,, the Hillock or Tumulus of the Clergy). From this name it may be inferred that it was a place of worship. Around the Tumulus is still visible the foundation of a circular ring of stones.—lomaire MS.

GLENGARRY/LAMB AND GOATS MILK/DEATH OF DUGALD ROY
Dugald Roy still retained the patrimony of his grandfather Alastair, and Glengarry and he were in the habit of pasturing and taking their rents jointly, as these consisted merely of the produce of the country, and subject to a subsequent division by their several oversmen. On one occasion, unfortunately, there happened to be an odd 'cabagf' or separate piece of butter, which Macdonald's man arrogantly insisted should become the property of his master, and Matheson's as pertinaciously refusing, divided the subject of contention with his dirk or hanger; an action which, however just, on representation gave mortal offence to his irrascible co-proprietor, who swore that Mac Mathon would not possess a similar opportunity by that time next year; and it appears he took an execrable mode of ensuring his own prediction. The first step was to break off with Matheson and pick a quarrel with him; and aware that he was so notoriously prejudiced against the flesh of goats, that it would be a studied insult to present it to him, Macdonald ordered a lamb to be fed on goat's milk, and under a show of hospitality invited the other to dine with him at a castle he possessed, and the ruins of which are still to be seen, in Loch Achana-hinich. So unsuspectingly was Matheson thrown off his guard by the familiar courtesy of his host that, instead of his usual retinue of twelve and his Gille Mor (for with such a guard men of his rank visited in those days), he was attended only by his Gille Mor, or champion. The first dish set on the table was of the lamb fed as above, which he no sooner tasted than, imagining it kid, he rejected it; and being sarcastically asked by his entertainer, What objection he had to the dish? he angrily replied, 'You know I do not eat goat's flesh.' Glengarry as warmly asserted that Matheson had never ate of more genuine mutton, and he as pertinaciously insisted upon its being goat. From the dispute, as had been contemplated and preconcerted, arose a quarrel; Dugald Roy was immediately overpowered, bound, and conveyed prisoner to Invergarry, where he soon after died in confinement from the effect of this indignity. He married a daughter of the Rev. John MacRa, third son of Christopher MacRa, known as "Gillecriost MacDhonnachaidh,"

* by whom he had issue—a son, who succeeded.

* Sec History (if the Macdonalds, atvl the "Genealogy of the MacRas."

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